Question: Who Really Owns Scarborough Shoal?

Why Philippines has the strongest claim of Spratly Islands?

According to reports, Philippines has the strongest claim of Spratly since it is geographically part of the Philippine archipelago and it’s just 100 kilometers away from Palawan Island.

It means that it is much closer to the Philippines than any other countries..

How did China build artificial islands?

To construct its artificial islands, China builds atop already existing, islands, rocks, and even coral reefs. … Once the islands are large and stable enough, China can then lay down cement and build structures on them. The extent of the changes can be striking.

Is Scarborough Shoal part of Philippine EEZ?

Scarborough Shoal and high-tide features in the Spratlys generate territorial seas but not EEZs or continental shelves. Second Thomas Shoal and the waters around it are part of the EEZ and continental shelf of the Philippines.

How far is Scarborough Shoal from China?

Scarborough Shoal is a rock in the South China Sea, approximately 120 nautical miles west of the Philippine island of Luzon. There are no structures built on Scarborough Shoal, but the feature is effectively controlled by China, which has maintained a constant coast guard presence at the feature since 2012.

What are the natural resources in Scarborough Shoal?

It is also thought that natural resources, including oil and gas may be present in the waters around the shoal, with the BBC stating that there could be as much as 23 billion barrels of oil and 900 trillion cubic feet of natural gas in the area.

Why does China claim the South China Sea?

China’s claim to the sea is based both on the Law of the Sea Convention and its so-called “nine-dash” line. This line extends for 2,000 kilometers from the Chinese mainland, encompassing over half of the sea. … This concept is important: it means that by definition, the South China Sea is a shared maritime space.

Are the Spratly Islands man made?

Summary: From December 2013 to October 2015, China built artificial islands with a total area of close to 3,000 acres on seven coral reefs it occupies in the Spratly Islands in the southern part of the South China Sea.

Which countries have competing claims to the Scarborough Shoal?

Over the decades, six countries have competed for rights over the area including China, Philippines, Brunei, Malaysia, Vietnam, and Taiwan (“Q&A” 2012). But today China and the Philippines are the nations contending for control over the prized fishing grounds found in the Scarborough Shoal.

Is the Philippines owned by the US?

With the signing of the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898, Spain ceded the Philippines to the United States, thereby beginning the era of American colonialization. … Following the passage of the Philippine Independence Act in 1934, a Philippine presidential election was held in 1935.

Does the Philippines owns the Scarborough Shoal?

The Philippine claims to sovereignty over the features known as Scarborough Shoal and the KIG are independent of its archipelagic status both legally and historically. Because Scarborough Shoal is a feature which exists above high tide, it is capable of [sovereign] appropriation under international law.

Why Scarborough Shoal is important?

Because of its position, another military outpost at Scarborough Shoal is seen as the last major physical step required to secure control of the sea. … The shoal also commands the northeast exit of the sea, so a Chinese military outpost there could stop other countries’ navies from using the vital stretch of waters.

Why does China want Scarborough Shoal?

What did China want from the Scarborough Shoal? … The most big thing that happened during this that China did was that they puts missiles back on the contested South China Sea island. China is wanting to take the full claim over the South China Sea.

What is the controversy between the Philippines and China?

The Spratly Islands dispute is an ongoing territorial dispute between China, Taiwan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam, and Brunei, concerning “ownership” of the Spratly Islands, a group of islands and associated “maritime features” (reefs, banks, cays, etc.) located in the South China Sea.

Who really owns Spratly Island?

Answer: the Spratly Islands, located off the coast of the Philippines and Malaysia. This region has been claimed by both of these nations as well as China, Vietnam, Brunei and Taiwan. Despite the political dilemma synonymous with them, the general American public is mostly unaware that these islands exist.

What is the 9 dash line of China?

The nine-dash line—at various times also referred to as the ten-dash line and the eleven-dash line—refers to the undefined and vaguely located demarcation line used by China (People’s Republic of China) and Taiwan (Republic of China), for their claims of the major part of the South China Sea.

Is Scarborough Shoal part of Spratlys?

Scarborough Shoal (not part of the Spratlys) was named by Western mapmakers after a British East India Company ship that ran aground in 1748.

Why is China building artificial islands?

In 2014 China began massive dredging operations to build artificial islands around seven reefs that they claimed as their territory. … China’s new military presence and territorial claims are an attempt to project its power into the region and provide stability to the waterway.

When did China occupy Scarborough Shoal?

April 8, 2012The Scarborough Shoal standoff refers to tensions between China (PRC) and the Philippines which began on April 8, 2012 over the Philippine Navy apprehension of eight mainland Chinese fishing vessels in the disputed Scarborough Shoal.