Is there a cure for rat bite fever?
Both types of rat-bite fever are treated with antibiotics, such as amoxicillin, penicillin, erythromycin, or doxycycline.
If Streptobacillus moniliformis causes endocarditis, high doses of penicillin plus another antibiotic are used..
How can we prevent rat bite fever?
Wear proper protective laboratory gear, including gloves, and follow appropriate safety precautions. Avoid touching your mouth and face after handling rodents. Wash your hands with soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds after handling rodents, their cages, bedding, urine, or droppings.
How does rat bite fever spread?
Through bites or scratches from rodents carrying the bacteria. The bacteria can enter the body directly through a bite wound, open skin, or mucous membranes such as in the eyes, nose, or mouth. When handling rodents carrying the bacteria or through contact with their saliva, urine, or droppings.
What happens after rat bite?
The common symptoms of a rat bite are pain, redness, swelling around the bite and, if secondary infection occurs, a weeping, pus-filled wound. Other rat bite symptoms may include those associated with bacterial infections known as streptobacillary rat bite fever and spirillary rat bite fever.
How long does rat bite fever last?
Signs and Symptoms Rat-bite fever symptoms can vary depending on which organism is responsible for the disease. When the disease is caused by S moniliformis, the bite, which usually heals quickly, is followed 3 to 10 days later by: Fever and chills.
Is rat bite fever fatal?
Without treatment, rat bite fever can lead to severe complications, including pneumonia, meningitis, infection of the heart (myocarditis, endocarditis) and infection of the blood (sepsis), leading to death in 7-10% of cases. When treated promptly, the prognosis is very good.